The underground motorman’s simulator is a hardware-software complex designed for training of underground train motormen, evaluation of their reaction and actions in emergency situations and their examination.
The simulator provides opportunities to simulate various situations, including those which are difficult to reproduce with real rolling stock, causing inconveniences for the underground schedule:
– Failure of light signals and automatic speed regulation wayside devices;
– Movement in the wrong direction;
– Fire, water flood, man falling on a track, etc.
The training efficiency is ensured through the detailed control of the training process and a wide choice of “emergency and out-of-control situations”. Having mastered their skills with the simulator, train motormen are able to manage all sorts of situations, thus significantly increasing the train driving safety in the underground.
Functions of the simulator:
– Simulation of the working equipment of the underground carriage (81-717 series and modifications);
– Simulation of traffic in tunnels, along station platforms, in dead-ends, roundhouses and depots (using digital video);
– Simulation of the picture observed by the motorman in the rear view mirrors (state of indicator lamps, fire, smoke, passengers coming in and out);
– Simulation of signalization and interlocking (vigilance system (emergency cab signaling and automatic speed control devices), light signals, automatic stops);
– Simulation of the station’s current time and train interval indicator;
– Simulation of emergency situation and recording of the time taken to correct such situations;
– Simulation of failure situations;
– Simulation of sound environment in the motorman’s cabin;
– Database maintenance for motormen training (retraining, professional development).
Simulated emergency situations:
– Fire situation on the station;
– Smoke formation on the station;
– Fire situation in the tunnel;
– Smoke formation in the tunnel;
– Water flood in the tunnel;
– A man’s fall-down onto the track;
– Train arrival at a partially occupied track;
– Non-stop run through the station;
– Train departure in the wrong direction;
– Fire in the carriage;
– Smoke formation in the carriage.
– Lost of train control;
– Compressor faults;
– Power handle seizure;
– Failure of triggering circuits;
– Mechanical equipment malfunction (increased resistance of motion);
– Failure of the automatic speed control system;
– Failure of the carriage.
The software of the instructor’s workstation performs the following functions:
– Centralized control of the simulator;
– Selection and running (cancellation) of emergency situations;
– Generation of emergency situations;
– Evaluation of motorman’s actions in emergency situations;
– Reception and processing of data from the motorman cabin equipment used in the simulator;
– Control of display on the motorman’s workstation;
– Simulation of underground signalization and interlocking, including signals of the speed control system;
– Display of the status of the controls, motorman’s panel, automatic circuit breakers and lamps.
The software of the motorman’s workstation performs the following simulations:
– Simulation of movement in a tunnel, at stations, at dead-ends and at depots;
– Simulation of the current time and train interval indicator;
– Simulation of emergency situations.
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